Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are non-prescription, over-the-counter pain relievers. Famous NSAIDs include aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen sodium. They are popular treatments for muscular aches and pains, as well as arthritis. NSAIDs not only relieve pain, but also help to decrease inflammation, prevent blood clots, and reduce fevers. The problem of NSAIDs is that they inhibit the stomach mucosa protection against acids and digestive juices and interfere with the kidneys function. This is why side effects of NSAIDs may include nausea, upset stomach, ulcers, or improper kidney function.
Corticosteroids are a group of drugs that act as pain relievers and have a strong antiinflammatory effect. They are indicated in certain muskuloskeletal conditions where inflammation. Corticosteroids have some side effects and should only be taken after your doctor’s agreement.
X-rays are the most famous medical images. They show bones in white with a dark background. X-rays are a type of invisible radiations used to produce these images. When they pass through the body, dense objects such as bone block the radiation and appear white on the x-ray film, while less dense tissues appear gray and are difficult to see. X-rays are useful to diagnose and assess bone degeneration, disorders, injuries, or tumors.
MRI is an imaging technique based on magnetism. The body organs and tissues within the body contain magnetic properties. MRI, or magnetic resonance imaging, combines a powerful magnet with radio waves and a computer to manipulate these magnetic elements and create highly detailed images of structures in the body. Images are viewed as cross sections or “slices” of the body part being scanned. MRI scans are frequently used to diagnose bone and joint problems.
A computed tomography (CT) scan (also known as CAT scan) is similar to an MRI in the detail and quality of image it produces, yet the CT scan is actually a sophisticated, powerful x-ray that takes 360-degree pictures of internal organs, the spine, and vertebrae. By combining x-rays and a computer, a CT scan, like an MRI, produces cross-sectional views of the body part being scanned. In many cases, a contrast dye is injected into the blood to make the structures more visible. CT scans show the bones of the spine much better than MRI, so they are more useful in diagnosing conditions affecting the vertebrae and other bones of the spine.
Shoulder surgery can range from minor surgery interventions to complex ones. Surgery can be of different types (open surgery, arthroscopy, prosthesis, …). In most cases, your doctor will discuss with you the surgical option and its outcome. After surgery, a set of exercises and medicines are prescribed and it is important to follow your doctor advice to make healing fast. Generally, patients take several weeks to months to fully recover and get back to work.